Video of Buttevant, County Cork, Republic of Ireland
Buttevant is located on the N20 road between Limerick and Cork and the R522 regional
road. The Dublin–Cork railway line passes by the town, but the station, from which
at the outbreak of World War I in 1914, newly raised battalions of the Royal Munster
Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers who had completed their training at the
local military barracks, set out for the Western Front.
The Buttevant Rail Disaster occurred on 1 August 1980. At 12:45 a CIE express train
from Dublin to Cork entered Buttevant station at 115 km/h carrying some 230 Bank
Holiday passengers. It careered into a siding and smashed into a stationary ballast
train. The carriages immediately behind the engine and goods wagon jack-knifed and
were thrown across four sets of rail-line. Two coaches and the dining car were totally
demolished by the impact. It resulted in the deaths of 18 people and over 70 people
70% of Irish rail deaths over a 28 year period occurred as a result of this event
(and the subsequent Cherryville junction accident which killed a further seven people).
CIE and the Government came under severe public pressure to improve safety and to
modernise the fleet. A major review of the national rail safety policy has held and
resulted in the rapid elimination of the wooden-bodied coaches that had formed part
of the train.
Henry III of England, by grant of 26 September 1234, conceded a market at Buttevant
to David Og de Barry to be held on Sundays, and a fair on the vigil and day of St.
Luke the Evangelist (17 October and 18 October), and on six subsequent days. This
was done to further the economic prosperity of the borough and connected with a widespread
network of such markets and fairs which indicate "an extensive network of commercial
traffic and an important part of the infrastructure of the growing agrarian and mercantile
Buttevant (Irish: Cill na Mullach or Ecclesia Tumulorum in the Latin) is a medieval
market town, incorporated by charter of Edward III, situated in North County Cork,
While there may be reason to suggest that the town may occupy the site of an earlier
settlement of the Donegans, Carrig Donegan, the origins of the present town are clearly
and distinctly Norman, and closely connected with the settlement of the Barrys from
the 13th century. Here they built their principal stronghold in North Cork.