Video of Cork City West, County Cork, Republic of Ireland
County Cork has earned the nickname of "the Rebel County", while Corkonians often
refer to the city as the "real capital of Ireland", and themselves as the "Rebels".
The city is built on the River Lee which divides into two channels at the western
end of the city. The city centre is located on the island created by the channels.
At the eastern end of the city centre they converge; and the Lee flows around Lough
Mahon to Cork Harbour, one of the world's largest natural harbours. The city is a
major Irish seaport; there are quays and docks along the banks of the Lee on the
city's east side.
Cork was originally a monastic settlement founded by Saint Finbarr in the 6th century.
Cork achieved an urban character at some point between 915 and 922 when Norseman
(Viking) settlers founded a trading port. It has been proposed that, like Dublin,
Cork was an important trading centre in the global Scandinavian trade network.
The city's charter was granted by King John in 1185. The city was once fully walled,
and some wall sections and gates remain today. For much of the Middle Ages, Cork
city was an outpost of Old English culture in the midst of a predominantly hostile
Gaelic countryside and cut off from the English government in the Pale around Dublin.
Neighbouring Gaelic and Hiberno-Norman lords extorted "Black Rent" from the citizens
in order to keep them from attacking the city. The present extent of the city has
exceeded the medieval boundaries of the Barony of Cork City; it now takes in much
of the neighbouring Barony of Cork. Together, these baronies are located between
the Barony of Barrymore to the east, Muskerry East to the west and Kerryycurrihy
to the south.
Music, theatre, dance, film and poetry all play a prominent role in Cork city life.
The Cork School of Music and the Crawford College of Art and Design provide a throughput
of new blood, as do the active theatre components of several courses at University
College Cork (UCC). Highlights include: Corcadorca Theatre Company, of which Cillian
Murphy was a troupe member prior to Hollywood fame; Cork Film Festival, a supporter
of the art of the short film; The Institute for Choreography and
Dance, a national contemporary dance resource; the Triskel Arts Centre; Cork Jazz
Festival; the Cork Academy of Dramatic Art (CADA), and the Graffiti Theatre Company.
The Everyman Palace Theatre and the Granary Theatre both play host to dramatic plays
throughout the year.
Cork (Irish: Corcaigh, pronounced [kork], from corcach, meaning "marsh") is the second
largest city in Ireland and the third most populous city on the island of Ireland.
It is the principal city and administrative centre of County Cork and the largest
city in the province of Munster. Cork had a population of 119,418 in 2011, while
the addition of the suburban areas contained in the county brings the total of the
urban area to 198,582. Metropolitan Cork has a population of 399,216, while the Greater
Cork area is about 518,128.