Video of Limerick City, County Limerick, Republic of Ireland
Limerick; Irish: Luimneach is a city in Ireland. It is located in the Mid-West and
is also part of the province of Munster. Limerick City Council is the local authority
for the city. The city is built on several curves and islands of the River Shannon,
which spreads into an estuary shortly down-river from Limerick. It is the fifth most
populous city on the island of Ireland and the third largest urban area in the state,
with a population of 91,454 (when including the extra municipal suburbs).
Luimneach originally referred to the general area along the banks of the Shannon
Estuary known as Loch Luimnigh. The earliest settlement in the city, Inis Sibhtonn,
was the original name for King's Island during the pre-Viking and Viking eras. This
island was also called Inis an Ghaill Duibh, The Dark(haired) Foreigner's Island.
The name is recorded in Viking sources as Hlymrekr.
The city dates from at least the Viking settlement in 812. The Normans redesigned
the city in the 12th century and added much of the most notable architecture, such
as King John's Castle and St Mary's Cathedral. During the civil wars of the 17th
century the city played a pivotal role, besieged by Oliver Cromwell in 1651 and twice
by the Williamites in the 1690s. This turbulent period earned the city its motto:
Urbs antiqua fuit studisque asperrima belli (An ancient city well studied in the
arts of war).
Limerick City is a main tourist destination, only a 15-minute drive from Shannon
Airport. Currently tourism is growing, with over 1,000 new beds being opened in the
city in 2006 thanks to the opening of five new hotels. The city provides visitors
with "Street Ambassadors", people designated to help others around and make their
stay more enjoyable.
Limerick is known to be an antipodes to the Campbell Islands of New Zealand.
Tourist attractions in the city centre include King John's Castle (1212), St Mary's
Cathedral (1168), Hunt Museum, several seasonal tours (Angela's Ashes walking tour
of Limerick City, historical walking tour and boat tours along the River Shannon),
the University of Limerick, Georgian house and gardens and the Treaty Stone. Adare
village and the Foynes Flying Boat Museum, approximately 35 km (22miles/30 minutes)
from Limerick City along the scenic coastal N69 route from Limerick to Tralee, are
also popular attractions. The Limerick City Museum (formerly aka the Jim Kemmy Municipal
Museum), is next to King John's Castle. It contains displays on Limerick's history