Mallow (Irish: Mala) is a town in County Cork, Ireland, about thirty-five kilometres
north of Cork. It is the administrative centre of north County Cork and has been
nicknamed the "Crossroads of Munster". The Northern Divisional Offices of Cork County
Council are located in the town.Evidence of pre-historic settlement is found in Beenalaght
(13.6 km/8.5 miles south-west of Mallow), where an alignment of six standing stones
lie on a hill to the west of the Mallow-Coachford Road
Mallow developed as a defensive settlement protecting an important ford on the River
Blackwater. Mallow developed in the late 16th century as a plantation town. It has
prospered throughout the centuries as a market town due to its rich agricultural
hinterland. Irish states-men such as Thomas Davis and William O'Brien were both born
in Mallow in the 19th century. The main street in Mallow is called Davis St. (although
commonly referred to as Main St.), and joins with William O'Brien St. outside Mallow
Town Hall. At the point where Davis St. meets O'Brien St. there is a monument to
J.J. Fitzgerald, a little-known local politician who was instrumental in establishing
both Mallow Urban District Council and Cork County Council.
The town developed a significant industrial base in the early 20th century, based
largely on its agricultural capability, with dairy produce and sugar beet supplying
the Sugar Factory, Rowntree Macintosh, Bournes and Dairygold. Changes in the European
Union sugar subsidy programme resulted in the closure of the Sugar Beet factory in
mid 2006, after 75 years continual production.
Birthplace of Thomas Osborne Davis (1814 – 1845), nationalist, politician, author,
poet and patriot. Author of the famous Irish rebel song "A Nation Once Again".
John Hogan (1805–1892) was a United States Representative from Missouri born in Mallow.