Video of Tallaght District, Dublin City, County Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Tallaght ; Irish: Tamhlacht, is the largest town, and county town, of county South
Dublin, Ireland. The village area, dating from at least the 17th century, held one
of the earliest settlements known in the southern part of the island, and one
of medieval Ireland's more important monastic centres.
The village core of the district is located north of, and near to, the River Dodder,
and parts of the broader area are close to the border of County Dublin and County
The place name Tallaght is derived from the words támh leacht, meaning plague burial
place. The earliest mention of Tallaght in recorded material is an account of Parthalon
in the Annals of the Four Masters. Parthalon the Greek was said to be one of the
early invaders of Ireland and a plague is said to have killed 9,000 of his followers
in one week, with their subsequent burial being in the vicinity of Tallaght. Thus
the place came to be named Taimleach Muintire Parthalon. However, the burials that
have been found in the Tallaght area are all normal pre-historic interments, mainly
of the Bronze Age. Nothing suggesting a mass grave has so far been recorded here.
While no plan was formally adopted, Tallaght was laid out as a new town, as set out
in the 1967 Myles Wright masterplan for Greater Dublin (this proposed four self-contained
"new towns" - at Tallaght, Clondalkin, Lucan and Blanchardstown - all of which were
at that time villages surrounded by extensive open lands, with some small settlements).
Many of the social and cultural proposals in this plan were ignored by the Dublin
local authorities, and contrary to planners' suggestions, Tallaght and the other
"new towns" were not provided with adequate facilities. Characterised by the same
problems associated with poorly planned fringe areas of many European cities, during
the 1970s and 1980s Tallaght became synonymous with suburban mismanagement.
While it was absorbed into the larger suburban area of Dublin (including becoming
the postal district Dublin 24 in the late 1980s), Tallaght has developed a distinctive
identity, arising largely from its rapid growth during recent decades, and now has
a thriving local arts, cultural, sports, and economic outlook.
Tallaght's Civic Square contains the seat of the local authority, County Hall, a
newly renovated and well-equipped library facility, a theatre building and a "cutting
edge" 4-storey arts centre named RUA RED (which opened on 5 February 2009). Along
with other local libraries and arts groups, it also has another theatre building,
and a homegrown youth theatre company. It is also the home to the Tallaght Swim Team,
Tallaght Rugby Club, the National Basketball Arena, Shamrock Rovers F.C., and several
notable martial arts schools and Gaelic Athletic Association clubs.